Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Therapy commonly referred to as CBT has, until recently, been the only model of therapy funded by the NHS. The reasons for this are not because it is the best type of therapy, but that it is easily measured and therefore can be researched for outcomes easier.

CBT is a directive therapy, which means the counsellor will to some degree tell the client what they think; it also requires the client to participate in exercises and ‘homework’ relating to their particular issue.

CBT teaches the client ways to change their thoughts and expectations through these exercises. It is about investigating how the client perceives their own world and relationships, then assisting in them in finding more helpful, constructive approaches. CBT uses a wide range of relaxation techniques and sensory remodelling like EMDR and desensitisation. 

It has been effective for stress-related ailments, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders and (at the same time as drug treatment) major depression. CBT only aims to address the symptoms that the client presents with rather than the underlying causes, for this reason, some clients only see short term recovery unless CBT is used alongside a typically lengthier client centred approach.